E-ISSN 2367-699X | ISSN 2367-7414
 

Original Research 


Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center

Santosh Kumar Singh, Devendra Kumar Shukla, Vikram Singh.

Abstract
Background- With over more than 200 million operations performed per year worldwide, there seems to be an urgent need for a checklist to ensure an errorless surgical procedure. WHO surgical safety checklist(SSC) is one, which can help in minimising intraoperative and post-operative errors. In addition, it can also serve as a tool to encourage teamwork and communication among the hospital staff members.
Methods- This 1 yearlong study was conducted in 2 parts, in the first held pre checklist implementation phase, complications and mortalities were recorded retrospectively and compared with post checklist implementation phase data. Total of 244 patients participated in the first phase and 236 patients were enrolled in the post checklist implementation phase. Compliance and compatibility with the checklist was tested by a questionnaire given to staff members.
Results- Marked reduction in both intraoperative and post-operative complications was documented after checklist implementation. Intraoperative complications went down from 6.14% to 2.12% and post-operative from 6.56% to 3.38%. Similarly, intraoperative mortality rate scrolled down from 3.87% to 0.85% after checklist implementation. Regarding the compliance of the study, 95.3% of our hospital staff was in favour of introducing the WHO SSC as a routine practice in our hospital.
Conclusion- WHO SSC is the need of the hour in order to reduce the intraoperative and post-operative complications. Incorporating WHO SSC in health care setup will not only result in improved health care quality but will surely reduce the cost burden in health sector.

Key words: WHO surgical safety checklist, compliance, questionnaire, intraoperative and post-operative errors


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Singh SK, Shukla DK, Singh V. Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center. Int J Surg Med. 2019; 5(2): 49-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation


Web Style

Singh SK, Shukla DK, Singh V. Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center. http://www.ejos.org/?mno=29407 [Access: June 19, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Singh SK, Shukla DK, Singh V. Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center. Int J Surg Med. 2019; 5(2): 49-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Singh SK, Shukla DK, Singh V. Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center. Int J Surg Med. (2019), [cited June 19, 2019]; 5(2): 49-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation



Harvard Style

Singh, S. K., Shukla, . D. K. & Singh, . V. (2019) Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center. Int J Surg Med, 5 (2), 49-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation



Turabian Style

Singh, Santosh Kumar, Devendra Kumar Shukla, and Vikram Singh. 2019. Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 5 (2), 49-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation



Chicago Style

Singh, Santosh Kumar, Devendra Kumar Shukla, and Vikram Singh. "Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5 (2019), 49-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Singh, Santosh Kumar, Devendra Kumar Shukla, and Vikram Singh. "Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5.2 (2019), 49-54. Print. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Singh, S. K., Shukla, . D. K. & Singh, . V. (2019) Role and impact of WHO Surgical safety checklist implementation on patient safety, in a tertiary level health care center. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 5 (2), 49-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.WHO-Surgical-safety-checklist-implementation