E-ISSN 2367-699X | ISSN 2367-7414
 

Original Research 


A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center

Aaliya Tabasum, Babar Rashid Zargar, Virta chauhan.

Abstract
Background: Ectopic pregnancy is a rare but life threatening obstetrical emergency if not dealt timely. Incidence of ectopic pregnancies is on rise and this necessitates alertness about risk factors, early diagnosis and timely interventions in order to decrease subsequent morbidity and mortality.
Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence, clinical presentation, associated risk factors, treatment options, morbidity and mortality associated with ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center.
Methods: This retrospective observational study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy was conducted in a Tertiary Care Center over a period of one year. The clinical parameters of age, parity, gestational age, risk factors, clinical presentation, site of ectopic pregnancy, mode of treatment and morbidity & mortality were evaluated.
Results: In our study incidence of ectopic pregnancy was 1.4%, maximum between age groups of 20-30 years (71%), maximum among mutipara (55.5%). In our study associated risk factors were infertility (11.11%), PID (15.5%), tubectomy (13.3%), D&C (8.8%), Previous Ectopic (6.6%), IUCD (4.4%). 16 patients (35.5% ) had no associated risk factor. 91% patients had pain abdomen, 84% presented with amenorrhea ,66% had H/O bleeding per vaginum .73% were having ruptured ectopic pregnancy. The ectopic pregnancies were managed surgically in all patients.
Conclusion:
Although laparoscopy and medical therapy are now widely used therapeutic modalities but this choice mainly depends upon early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy and stable condition of patient. In our study majority of cases were referred as Ruptured ectopic pregnancy so salpingectomy was the main surgical procedure done. Gynecologist should always be aware of the fact that in any women of reproductive age group presenting with complaint of pain lower abdomen, diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy should be kept in mind irrespective of the presence or absence of amenorrhea, whether or not women has undergone sterilization in order to improve prognosis of patients in terms of fertility, morbidity and mortality.

Key words: Amenorrhea, Ruptured ectopic pregnancy, risk factors, salpingectomy


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Aaliya Tabasum
Articles by Babar Rashid Zargar
Articles by Virta chauhan
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tabasum A, Zargar BR, chauhan V. A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center. Int J Surg Med. 2022; 8(6): 13-17. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692


Web Style

Tabasum A, Zargar BR, chauhan V. A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center. https://www.ejos.org/?mno=25763 [Access: January 11, 2023]. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tabasum A, Zargar BR, chauhan V. A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center. Int J Surg Med. 2022; 8(6): 13-17. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tabasum A, Zargar BR, chauhan V. A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center. Int J Surg Med. (2022), [cited January 11, 2023]; 8(6): 13-17. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692



Harvard Style

Tabasum, A., Zargar, . B. R. & chauhan, . V. (2022) A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center. Int J Surg Med, 8 (6), 13-17. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692



Turabian Style

Tabasum, Aaliya, Babar Rashid Zargar, and Virta chauhan. 2022. A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 8 (6), 13-17. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692



Chicago Style

Tabasum, Aaliya, Babar Rashid Zargar, and Virta chauhan. "A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 8 (2022), 13-17. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tabasum, Aaliya, Babar Rashid Zargar, and Virta chauhan. "A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 8.6 (2022), 13-17. Print. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tabasum, A., Zargar, . B. R. & chauhan, . V. (2022) A retrospective study to evaluate ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 8 (6), 13-17. doi:10.5455/ijsm.136-1643901692