E-ISSN 2367-699X | ISSN 2367-7414
 

Case Series 


Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients

Sunita Dinkar, Srajan Dashore, Sapna Desai, Sonal Agrawal.

Abstract
Introduction: Tuberculosis is a major health issue across the world. Extraperitoneal manifestations of tuberculosis have a varied presentation masquerading with other common pathologies. Though it is widespread, diagnosing tuberculosis at unusual sites forms a challenge even in the hands of experienced because of the variance and atypical presentations of tuberculosis at these sites, no standard diagnostic definitions and difficult accessibility of tissue samples.

Case series: We report a case series of very rare cases of tuberculosis at unusual sites,
treated at our hospital. The period of follow-up ranged from 3 months to one and a half years. All the patients included in this series show signs of improvement at follow-up.

Conclusion: High index of suspicion is required to diagnose tuberculosis at unusual sites even in endemic countries. This helps in getting investigations done in the right direction without delay. While CBNAAT and culture are the gold standards for diagnosing M. Tuberculosis, histopathological examination, ADA, CT scan along clinical features can help in correct diagnosis and timely treatment. Reporting of such unusual and rare cases forms a key source of information on research in tuberculosis and collectively make the base for optimization of diagnostic criteria for early detection and treatment.

Key words: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis, splenic tuberculosis, testicular tuberculosis, breast tuberculosis, tuberculous breast mastitis, ocular tuberculosis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dinkar S, Dashore S, Desai S, Agrawal S. Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients. Int J Surg Med. 2021; 7(3): 56-62. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients


Web Style

Dinkar S, Dashore S, Desai S, Agrawal S. Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients. http://www.ejos.org/?mno=55572 [Access: August 04, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dinkar S, Dashore S, Desai S, Agrawal S. Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients. Int J Surg Med. 2021; 7(3): 56-62. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dinkar S, Dashore S, Desai S, Agrawal S. Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients. Int J Surg Med. (2021), [cited August 04, 2021]; 7(3): 56-62. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients



Harvard Style

Dinkar, S., Dashore, . S., Desai, . S. & Agrawal, . S. (2021) Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients. Int J Surg Med, 7 (3), 56-62. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients



Turabian Style

Dinkar, Sunita, Srajan Dashore, Sapna Desai, and Sonal Agrawal. 2021. Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 7 (3), 56-62. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients



Chicago Style

Dinkar, Sunita, Srajan Dashore, Sapna Desai, and Sonal Agrawal. "Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 7 (2021), 56-62. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dinkar, Sunita, Srajan Dashore, Sapna Desai, and Sonal Agrawal. "Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 7.3 (2021), 56-62. Print. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dinkar, S., Dashore, . S., Desai, . S. & Agrawal, . S. (2021) Unusual and rare cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 7 (3), 56-62. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Tuberculosis-Immunocompetent-Patients