E-ISSN 2367-699X | ISSN 2367-7414
 

Original Research 


Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study

Siddharth Singh Chauhan, Deepak Paul, Rajan Janardhanan, Thomas K Thomas.

Abstract
Background: Acute appendicitis is a common condition encountered by a surgeon. If left untreated it can have severe morbidity and can lead to morbidity. Symptoms of acute appendicitis mimic a number of other conditions making it difficult to accurately diagnose. This study aims to use Alvarado scoring and ultrasound abdomen to diagnose acute appendicitis and reduce negative appendectomy rates.

Methods: The study was a prospective observational study conducted in the Department of General Surgery, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation. The study constituted of 80 consecutive patient who was above the age of 14 and underwent surgery and gave consent for the study. The patients were assessed by clinical examination, Alvarado score and an ultrasound abdomen. The results of histopathology were compared with the Alvarado score and ultrasound abdomen and their accuracy was assessed.

Results: The majority of patients in this study were males with 80% being in the 14-29 year age group. Ultrasound proved conclusive in predicting appendicitis 37(50%) of 80 patients with a sensitivity of 50, specificity of 16.7 and an accuracy of 47.5. ALVARADO score was more than or equal to 7 in 70(88.8%) cases. The sensitivity was 94.6 and was specificity 83.3. The predictive value of the positive test with ALVARADO Score was 98.6, with 93.8% accuracy. Combining ALVARDO score and ultrasound abdomen negative appendectomy rate was found to be 7.5% in our study.

Conclusion: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the ALVARADO score and USG abdomen in diagnosing acute appendicitis. Clinical assessment is the mainstay of diagnosis with ALVARADO score and ultrasound significantly contributing to the more efficient diagnosis and reduction in negative laparotomies.

Key words: Alvarado score, ultrasound abdomen, negative appendicectomy, acute appendicitis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chauhan SS, Paul D, Janardhanan R, Thomas TK. Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study. Int J Surg Med. 2021; 7(4): 49-53. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis


Web Style

Chauhan SS, Paul D, Janardhanan R, Thomas TK. Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study. http://www.ejos.org/?mno=87336 [Access: November 10, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chauhan SS, Paul D, Janardhanan R, Thomas TK. Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study. Int J Surg Med. 2021; 7(4): 49-53. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chauhan SS, Paul D, Janardhanan R, Thomas TK. Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study. Int J Surg Med. (2021), [cited November 10, 2021]; 7(4): 49-53. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis



Harvard Style

Chauhan, S. S., Paul, . D., Janardhanan, . R. & Thomas, . T. K. (2021) Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study. Int J Surg Med, 7 (4), 49-53. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis



Turabian Style

Chauhan, Siddharth Singh, Deepak Paul, Rajan Janardhanan, and Thomas K Thomas. 2021. Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 7 (4), 49-53. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis



Chicago Style

Chauhan, Siddharth Singh, Deepak Paul, Rajan Janardhanan, and Thomas K Thomas. "Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 7 (2021), 49-53. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chauhan, Siddharth Singh, Deepak Paul, Rajan Janardhanan, and Thomas K Thomas. "Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 7.4 (2021), 49-53. Print. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chauhan, S. S., Paul, . D., Janardhanan, . R. & Thomas, . T. K. (2021) Role of abdominal ultrasound and Alvarado Score in diagnosing and preventing negative laparotomies in acute appendicitis a descriptive study. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 7 (4), 49-53. doi:10.5455/ijsm.abdominal-ultrasound-Alvarado-Score-acute-appendicitis