E-ISSN 2367-699X | ISSN 2367-7414
 

Original Research 


Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study

Muhammad Yahya, Sidra Jazil Faruqi, Abdur Rauf Memon.

Abstract
Background: Dysphagia is a symptom of an underlying disease with a variety of conditions linked to it. Therefore, its early evaluation is of prime importance. The objective of this study was to present the endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia.
Material and Methods: After ethical approval, a retrospective observational study using non-probability convenient sampling technique was carried out at the Department of Medicine, Hamdard University Hospital, Karachi for a period of 1 year from 01-07-2018 to 30-06-2019. From a sample of 400 patients, 232 were selected who were above 25 years of age and presented with dysphagia. Pregnant mothers, patients previously diagnosed with GI malignancy, patients with a neurological cause of dysphagia or with normal upper GI endoscopy within last 3 months were excluded. SPSS version 20.0 was used for data analysis. Frequency and percentages of the categorical variables such as gender and the common GI Endoscopic findings were reported.
Results: Apart from dysphagia, 8.2% of patients complained of abdominal pain, 6.5% of dyspepsia and 4.3% of weight loss. Of all the endoscopies performed, 6.5% were normal, 65.4% revealed oesophageal pathologies, 25% gastric and 2.6% duodenal pathologies. Of those with abnormal endoscopies, the most common diseases were oesophageal mass lesion (28.4%), gastritis (22.8%), oesophagitis (12.9%), oesophageal motility disorders (8.2%) and oesophageal structural disorders (8.2%).
Conclusion: Apart from normal endoscopies, oesophageal disorders were most frequently found on endoscopy of patients who presented with dysphagia. Oesophageal mass lesions were the most common finding followed by gastritis.

Key words: Dysphagia, Upper GI Endoscopy, Oesophageal Mass, Oesophagitis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yahya M, Faruqi SJ, Memon AR. Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study. Int J Surg Med. 2020; 6(3): 6-10. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia


Web Style

Yahya M, Faruqi SJ, Memon AR. Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study. http://www.ejos.org/?mno=95878 [Access: August 11, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yahya M, Faruqi SJ, Memon AR. Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study. Int J Surg Med. 2020; 6(3): 6-10. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yahya M, Faruqi SJ, Memon AR. Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study. Int J Surg Med. (2020), [cited August 11, 2020]; 6(3): 6-10. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia



Harvard Style

Yahya, M., Faruqi, . S. J. & Memon, . A. R. (2020) Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study. Int J Surg Med, 6 (3), 6-10. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia



Turabian Style

Yahya, Muhammad, Sidra Jazil Faruqi, and Abdur Rauf Memon. 2020. Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 6 (3), 6-10. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia



Chicago Style

Yahya, Muhammad, Sidra Jazil Faruqi, and Abdur Rauf Memon. "Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 6 (2020), 6-10. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yahya, Muhammad, Sidra Jazil Faruqi, and Abdur Rauf Memon. "Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 6.3 (2020), 6-10. Print. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yahya, M., Faruqi, . S. J. & Memon, . A. R. (2020) Endoscopic findings in patients presenting with dysphagia: An observational study. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 6 (3), 6-10. doi:10.5455/ijsm.Endoscopic-findings-patients-presenting-dysphagia