E-ISSN 2367-699X | ISSN 2367-7414
 

Review Article 


Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway

Nivya Mary Arputham, Rajoo Ramachandran, Jeffrey Ralph, Nishanth Nagarajan, Prabhu Radhan Radhakrishnan, Kumaresh Athiyappan, Venkata Sai P M.

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to determine the usefulness of computed tomography in demonstrating numerous benign and malignant lesions that may affect the trachea primarily or secondarily. The characteristics of imaging features and the extent of spread of these unusual lesions can be recognized on cross-sectional imaging. In this article, we describe the typical imaging appearance of the various tracheal lesions and discuss the role of Multidetector Computed tomography in enhancing the diagnostic value of the various tracheal lesions in clinical practice.

Key words: Endobronchial airway, tracheal stenosis, saber sheath trachea, tracheopathia osteochondroplastica, adenoid cystic carcinoma, fibrosing mediastinitis, tracheomalacia, and tracheobronchial papillomatosis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Arputham NM, Ramachandran R, Ralph J, Nagarajan N, Radhakrishnan PR, Athiyappan K, M VSP. Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway. Int J Surg Med. 2021; 7(4): 1-8. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging


Web Style

Arputham NM, Ramachandran R, Ralph J, Nagarajan N, Radhakrishnan PR, Athiyappan K, M VSP. Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway. http://www.ejos.org/?mno=12484 [Access: November 10, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arputham NM, Ramachandran R, Ralph J, Nagarajan N, Radhakrishnan PR, Athiyappan K, M VSP. Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway. Int J Surg Med. 2021; 7(4): 1-8. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arputham NM, Ramachandran R, Ralph J, Nagarajan N, Radhakrishnan PR, Athiyappan K, M VSP. Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway. Int J Surg Med. (2021), [cited November 10, 2021]; 7(4): 1-8. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging



Harvard Style

Arputham, N. M., Ramachandran, . R., Ralph, . J., Nagarajan, . N., Radhakrishnan, . P. R., Athiyappan, . K. & M, . V. S. P. (2021) Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway. Int J Surg Med, 7 (4), 1-8. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging



Turabian Style

Arputham, Nivya Mary, Rajoo Ramachandran, Jeffrey Ralph, Nishanth Nagarajan, Prabhu Radhan Radhakrishnan, Kumaresh Athiyappan, and Venkata Sai P M. 2021. Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 7 (4), 1-8. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging



Chicago Style

Arputham, Nivya Mary, Rajoo Ramachandran, Jeffrey Ralph, Nishanth Nagarajan, Prabhu Radhan Radhakrishnan, Kumaresh Athiyappan, and Venkata Sai P M. "Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 7 (2021), 1-8. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arputham, Nivya Mary, Rajoo Ramachandran, Jeffrey Ralph, Nishanth Nagarajan, Prabhu Radhan Radhakrishnan, Kumaresh Athiyappan, and Venkata Sai P M. "Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 7.4 (2021), 1-8. Print. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arputham, N. M., Ramachandran, . R., Ralph, . J., Nagarajan, . N., Radhakrishnan, . P. R., Athiyappan, . K. & M, . V. S. P. (2021) Imaging ‘roadmap’ to the uncommon lesions of the trachea and the endobronchial airway. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 7 (4), 1-8. doi:10.5455/ijsm.trachea-endobronchial-airway-imaging